The charges and potential penalties depend on the nature of the act, the age or incapacity of the victim, the use of force or threat, and other circumstances. The potential punishment ranges from two years in prison for fourth-degree CSC to life in prison for first-degree CSC. A conviction for criminal sexual conduct automatically triggers sex offender registration. The designation is published on a state website, and neighbors may be notified of your status. Sex offender registry also regulates employment, housing, relocation and other facets of your life.